maanantai 24. syyskuuta 2012

Rolleicord and Rolleicopi

Rolleicord and Rolleicopi
 Rolleicopi Oscillograph photography kit, but together by Philips in the 1960s under part number PM9300. The kit was based around a relatively standard Rolleicord Vb, but with grey leathercloth rather than the standard black, and with a range of special fitments and attachments for clamping it to a Philips scientific oscilloscope. The serial numbers on Rolleicord, the Rolleicopi head and the Polaroid back are all the same. The taking lens is Schneider Xenar 3.5/75mm and the shutter is Synchro-Compur 1-1/500 sec. The Rolleicopi top allowed very close focusing, and Rolleinar 4 close-up lenses were supplied as standard.

The Rolleicord was a popular medium-format twin lens reflex camera made by Franke & Heidecke (Rollei) between 1933 and 1976. It was a simpler, less expensive version of the high-end Rolleiflex TLR, aimed at amateur photographers who wanted a high-quality camera but could not afford the expensive Rolleiflex. Several models of Rolleicord were made; the later models generally had more advanced features and tend to be valued higher in today's market.
The first Rolleicord, introduced in November 1933, was the Rolleicord I. This camera was a simplified version of the Standard Rolleiflex, with a cheaper 75mm Zeiss Triotar lens and a simplified film advance mechanism using a knob instead of the crank found on the Rolleiflex. The Rolleicord I was available either with a plain leatherette covering or elaborately patterned metal faceplates. The latter variant is referred to as the "Art Deco" Rolleicord.

The models that has the letters DRP on the left and to the right DRGM on the front of the camera means that they were made before World War II, because DRP means 'Deutsches Reichs Patent' (German Reich Patent) and DRGM means 'Deutsches Reichs Gebrauchs Muster' (basically a copyright for the name). In post WW2 models you will find DBP and DBGM. They switched from Reich to Bund (German Federal Patent).
Later models incorporated improved designs for the taking lens, including the Carl Zeiss Tessar and Schneider Kreuznach Xenar, both of which appeared on the Rolleiflex. However, while the Rolleiflex was available with an f/2.8 lens, the Rolleicord was never offered with a larger aperture than f/3.5, thus ensuring its pedigree as an "amateur" camera.

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